Population. Population of each ethnic group has been increasing over time, but rate of increase is slowing down among the Meitei population. The Kuki insurgent groups want a separate state for the Kukis to be carved out from the present state of Manipur. [69][18], The Meitei insurgent groups seek independence from India. [37] It was made a Union Territory in 1956. Shumang lila is very popular. [103], Oolaobi (Woo-Laobi) is an outdoor game mainly played by females. The legend is that, Shri Govindajee appeared in the dream of his devotee, Shri Jai Singh Maharaja, and asked the saintly king to install in a temple, an image of Shri Govindajee. The population of Manipur as per the 2011 census is 2,721,756 compared to 2,293,896 in the 2001 census. Yubi lakpi is a traditional full contact game played in Manipur, India, using a coconut, which has some notable similarities to rugby. [26][105], Apart from these games, some outdoor children's games are fading in popularity. The Hindu population is heavily concentrated in the Manipur valley, among the Meitei people. Phurailatpam Shubhi Narayan was the first Brahmin priest of this temple. [citation needed] The culture features martial arts, dance, theatre and sculpture. In contrast to the experience of the Meitei population scheduled tribe and Muslim population in Manipur have been increasing faster. 48 km (30 mi) from Imphal, lies the largest fresh water lake in northeast India, the Loktak Lake, a miniature inland sea. During the Langbachak era, it became Tilli Koktong Leikoiren, and finally was known as Muwapali in the Konnachak epoch. NSA is meant to be used when there is grave danger to society not to stifle dissent. ii. It argues that conventional demographic factors cannot explain the abnormal population growth rates reported in parts of northern Manipur, and that the abnormalities in the headcount are instead associated with competition for seats in the state legislative assembly. Million. Chakravyuha taken from the Mahabharat epic had won Fringe Firsts Award, 1987 at the Edinburgh International Theater Festival. Sangai Festival 2017 is held for 10 days. National Highway 53 (India) connects Manipur with another railway station at Silchar in Assam, which is 269 km (167 mi) away from Imphal. Secular theatre is mostly confined to themes that are not religious; it is performed in the secular or profane spheres. The historical accounts presented here were recordings from the eyes and the judgment of the Meitei Kings and Maichous (Meitei scholars). The capital city of Manipur is Imphal. sporting culture out here as young kids from an early age start taking part in Almost every festival celebrated in other states of India is observed. The capital lies in an oval-shaped valley of approximately 700 square miles (2,000 km2) surrounded by blue mountains and is at an elevation of 790 metres (2,590 ft) above sea level. [38] and a fully-fledged State in 1972 by the North-Eastern Areas (Reorganisation) Act, 1971. The mountain ranges create a moderated climate, preventing the cold winds from the north from reaching the valley and barring cyclonic storms. Growing there are rare and exotic medicinal and aromatic plants. The total population growth in this decade was 24.50 percent while in previous decade it was 30.02 percent. Manipuri Muslims, known locally as Meitei Pangal, constitute about 8.3% of the state population as per 2011 census. By the late 1930s, the princely state of Manipur negotiated with the British administration its preference to continue to be part of the Indian Empire, rather than part of Burma, which was being separated from India. Keibul Lamjao National Park, 48 km (30 mi) away from Imphal is an abode of the rare and endangered species of brow antlered deer. This consists of three falls with the first fall about 30 metres (98 ft) high. Manipur has Hence, the population of Manipur in 2019 in terms of estimated numbers is 3.276 Million + 0.0752 Million = 3.3512 Million. [19], The Meitei ethnic group[20] represents around 53% of the population of Manipur state, followed by various Naga tribes at 24% and various Kuki-Zo tribes at 16%. Six kilometres (3.7 mi) to the west of Imphal, at the foot of the pine growing hillocks at Iroisemba on the Imphal-Kangchup Road are the Zoological Gardens. It also contains a cyclists' velodrome. It is a five-day festival and is usually performed on the 13th day of the Meitei month of Wakching. = 3.43344 Million. The population of all cities and towns in the State of Manipur by census years. As per ISO 3166-2:IN standard - the ISO code of Manipur is IN-MN. There was a total of 1,822 who had graduated in addition to 86 technical and professional graduates. In 2011, Churachandpur had population of 274,143 of which male and female were 138,820 and 135,323 respectively. For example, in 1977 the People's Revolutionary Party of Kangleipak (PREPAK) was formed, the People's Liberation Army (PLA) was formed in 1978 which Human Rights Watch states as having received arms and training from China. The total area occupied by all the lakes is about 600 km2. As India's second largest airport in the northeast, it serves as a key logistical centre for northeastern states.The Tulihal Airport has been renamed Bir Tikendrajit Airport. The pace of theatrical movement was geared up with the institution of groups such as Manipur Dramatic Union (MDU) (1930), Arian Theatre (1935), Chitrangada Natya Mandir (1936), Society Theatre (1937), Rupmahal (1942), Cosmopolitan Dramatic Union (1968), and the Chorus Repertory Theatre of Ratan Thiyam (1976). Manipur is home to India's first floating elementary school: Loktak Elementary Floating School in Loktak Lake. Manipur is one of state in India with population of 2855794. [72], The CM Biren Singh used the National Security Act on a journalist who criticized him by calling him as 'puppet'. [46] The rivers draining the Manipur Hills are comparatively young, due to the hilly terrain through which they flow. Its capital was Kangla, Yumphal or Imphal (present day). potential. So, the population in 2019 as per estimates = 3.3512 Million. [75] Manipur acts as India's "Gateway to the East" through Moreh and Tamu towns, the land route for trade between India and Burma and other countries in Southeast Asia, East Asia, Siberia, Micronesia and Polynesia. The icon links to further information about a selected place including its population structure (gender, urbanization, population group, literacy (a7+), activity status (a7+)). Yubi lakpi is a traditional full contact game played in Manipur, India, using a coconut, which has some notable similarities to rugby. It was to be carved out of a jack fruit tree, which was then growing at Kaina. The Pangals are mainly concentrated in and around Imphal, the capital of Manipur and Thoubal. The number of participants is not fixed but are divided into two groups (size as per agreement). There are rules of the game, as with all Manipur sports. After its junction with the Tuivai, the Barak River turns north, forms the border with Assam State, and then enters the Cachar Assam just above Lakhipur. The coconut is greased to make it slippery. As per provisional reports of Census India, the population of … Imphal East district of Manipur has total population of 456113 as per the Census 2011. The state is connected with different regions by every day The The Lying 790 metres above sea level, Manipur is wedged among hills on all sides. The game spread among the British in Calcutta and then to England. Total Population. Total population of Manipur as per 2011 census is 2,855,794 of which male and female are 1,438,586 and 1,417,208 respectively. [citation needed]. It is bordered by Heirok village in the east, Tentha village in the south-west, and on the other side by agricultural land. G. Hiamguanglung Gonmei, "Hills Economy of Manipur: A Structural Change", sfn error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFReginald_Massey2004 (. On 1 November of every year, the state declared holiday for Kut celebration. Rubber, tea, coffee, orange, and cardamom are grown in hill areas. List of all Sub-Divisions in Bishnupur District of Manipur. * Provisional Population, Census of India 2011 . In the first treaty between the British East India Company and Meidingu Chingthangkhomba (Bhagyachandra) signed in 1762, the kingdom was recorded as Meckley. In 1704, King Charairongba accepted Vaishnavism and changed his name to Pitambar Singh. As per the legends, the temple was constructed to house the Vishnu emblem given to King Kiyamba by King Khekhomba of Shan. People of Manipur immaculate and decorate their houses and make a sumptuous variety of dishes to feast upon after offering food to the deity on this day. Tribals constitutes about 41% of the state population (according to 2011 census)[21] and are distinguished by dialects and cultures that are often village-based. Broadly, there are four types of forests: Tropical Semi-evergreen, Dry Temperate Forest, Sub-Tropical Pine, and Tropical Moist Deciduous. This cave is an hour's trek from Khangkui village.[88]. The South Westerly Monsoon picks up moisture from the Bay of Bengal and heads toward Manipur, hits the eastern Himalaya ranges and produces a massive amount of rain. There have been many tensions between the tribes and numerous clashes between Naga and Kukis, Meiteis and Muslims. It also borders two regions of Myanmar. Manipur has produced notable players such as Jubaraj Bir Tikendraji (Senapati of Manipur Army) as legendary player described by Mrs. Grimwood (1887–90). Besides the feast, gifts are given to the women/invitees and to their children. Manipur Another major language family is the Naga languages, like Tangkhul, Poula, Rongmei and Mao. The British recognised that the state remained internally self-governing, as a princely state. [12] Between 1917 and 1939, some people of Manipur pressed the princely rulers for democracy. [24] Manipur is home to many sports and the origin of Manipuri dance,[25] and is credited with introducing polo to Europeans.[26]. The Meitei individuals are a larger part in Manipur. Its continued application has led to numerous protests, notably the longstanding hunger strike by Irom Sharmila Chanu. [citation needed] These groups started experimenting with types of plays apart from historical and Puranic ones. They adopted its rules, calling the game polo, and playing it on their horses. [13][14] Later, on 21 September 1949, he signed a Merger Agreement, merging the kingdom into India, which led to its becoming a Part C State. From Thalon village, this cave is 4–5 kilometres (2.5–3.1 mi). The soil cover can be divided into two broad types, viz. The Khuman Lampak Sports Complex was built for the 1997 National Games. The topsoil on the steep slopes is very thin. The Kuki insurgent groups are under two umbrella organisations: the Kuki National Organisation (KNO) and United Peoples Forum. In 1901, the Meitei were recorded as the main ethnicity of Manipur. In centuries thereafter, royal spouses came also from what is now modern Assam, Bengal, Uttar Pradesh along with ancient Dravidian kingdoms, and other regions. The state government appealed to the central government in New Delhi for support in combating this violence. Most of these festivals are celebrated on the basis of the lunar calendar. The wetland is swampy and is favourable for a number of species. The total population growth in the decade from 2001-2011 was 24.5%, The state is bordered by the Indian states of Nagaland to its north, Mizoram to its south, Assam to its west, and shares an international border with Myanmar to its east. There are multiple Kuki-Chin languages, the largest being Thadou. The total population growth in this decade was 24.50 percent while in previous decade it was 30.02 percent. Imphal International Airport is situated in the capital Imphal which connects direct flights from Imphal to Kolkata, Guwahati, New Delhi, Bangalore and Agartala. Manipur is one of state in India with population of 2855794. Floating islands are made out of the tangle of watery weeds and other plants. There are 9 districts, 38 Taluks, 2582 villages and 58 towns in Manipur. Folk religions are practised by the Meitei people. The valley soils generally contain loam, small rock fragments, sand, and sandy clay, and are varied. Agape Park is in the vicinity. [57], The Meitei people are a majority in the state of Manipur. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); IndiaPopulation2020.in shares the most accurate population of Indian states and its city in 2020. It was brought by Protestant missionaries to Manipur in the 19th century. [46] It is the only floating national park of the world. They belong to the Sunni group of Hanafi school of thought and there are Arab, Bangladesh, Turani, Bengali and Mughal or Chaghtai Turk sections among Manipuri Muslims. [91][89][93] However, the dance is also performed to themes related to Shaivism, Shaktism and regional deities such as Umang Lai during Lai Haraoba. The population density of the state is 130 people per square The official languages are Meitei language and English. skillfully hand lingered textures are something very unique compared to other Census of India, about 41% of the Manipuri individuals practice Hinduism, and Manipur is a state in the northeastern region of India. The districts of Bishnupur, Thoubal, Imphal East, and Imphal West all have Hindu majorities, averaging 67.62% (range 62.27–74.81%) according to the 2011 census data. In Manipur State sex ratio in rural area is 969 and urban area is 1026 per 1000 male persons. The term Meitei includes Sanamahis, Meitei Christians, Hindus, Meitei-Pangals and Manipuri Brahmins (locally called "Meetei Bamons"). [10][11], During the days of the British Indian Empire, the Kingdom of Manipur was one of the princely states. Shree Govindajee Temple, Andro village, and the Manipur State Museum are in the city. [78], Manipur's climate and soil conditions make it ideally suited for horticultural crops. The Nagas in Manipur are further sub-divided into sub-tribes like Anāl, Liangmai, Mao, Maram, Maring, Poumai, Rongmei, Tangkhul, Zeme, etc.[53][54][55]. It is performed in an area of 13×13 ft in the centre of any open space, in a very simple style without a raised stage, set design, or heavy props such as curtains, background scenery, and visual effects. [59] However, the first Hindu temples were constructed much earlier. Manipur has population of two groups, the people who inhabit the hills called the Nagas and those who inhabit the valley called the Meiteis. In the 20th century, a few Christian schools were established, which introduced Western-type education.[58]. The hills are inhabited mainly by the tribals and the valley by the Meiteis From carefully sewn weaving’s to Therefore, on average, the Population of Manipur 2021 Manipur is a state in the northeastern region of India. The official dialects are Meitei language and English. Castes Working Population in Manipur, 2011 Census 58 2.28 District-wise Distribution of Scheduled Tribes Working Population in Manipur, 2011 Census 62 2.29 Population by Five Year age group, sex and sector of Manipur according to 2001 Census 66 Table No. Gaan-Ngai is the greatest festival of the Zeliangrong people. [18], According to SATP, there has been a dramatic decline in fatalities in Manipur since 2009. In Manipur's long history, Yubi lakpi was the annual official game, attended by the king, over the Hindu festival of Shree Govindajee. [99] Yubi lakpi literally means "coconut snatching". The population of Imphal in 2020 is expected to be 377,251.6 + 11,232.52 = 388,484.12. Total rural population of Manipur State is 2021640 which is 70.79% of total Manipur’s population and Manipur urban population is 834154 about 29.21% of total population. The climate of Manipur is largely influenced by the topography of this hilly region. [citation needed], The world of Phampak lila (stage drama) performed in the proscenium theatre is similar, in form, to the Western theatrical model and Indian Natyasastra model though its contents are indigenous. [62], Christianity is the religion of 41% of the people in the state. Contents: Subdivision The population development in Manipur as well as related information and services (Wikipedia, Google, images). Manipur has produced notable players such as Jubaraj Bir Tikendraji (Senapati of Manipur Army) as legendary player described by Mrs. Grimwood (1887–90). The hills are inhabited mainly by the Nagas, and Kukis, and smaller tribal communities and the valley (plains) mainly by the Meiteis, Manipuri Brahmins (Bamons) and Pangal (Manipuri Muslims). Manipur. Males. [100] The coconut serves the purpose of a ball and is offered to the king, the chief guest or the judges before the game begins. Source: Govt. Of the total population, 61.54% live in the valley and the remaining 38.46% are in the hill areas. [103] It is observed on the first lunar day of the lunar month Sajibu (March/April) and so it is also popularly known as Sajibu Cheiraoba. reasons why the population growth rate is low compared to other states. [85][citation needed] enumeration. Manipur might be described as two different physical locales: a peripheral region of tough slopes and valleys, and the internal zone of flat plains. The city contains the Tulihal Airport. The aim is to run while carrying the greased coconut and physically cross over the goal line, while the other team tackles and blocks any such attempt as well as tries to grab the coconut and score on its own. of Manipur, Directorate of Eco./Stas : Economic Survey, Manipur, 2002-2003. According to the 2011 Census of India, about 41.39% of the Manipuri people practice Hinduism, and 41.29% Christianity. This has resulted in decrease in the share to the total population. [22], Besides Meitei, which is the language of the majority of the people in Manipur, there is a huge amount of linguistic diversity as is the case in most of the Northeast. [48] (By comparison, India receives 400 Mham of rain annually. Manipur has a population of 2,855,794 as per 2011 census. The rare Dzüko lily is found only in this valley. List of all Sub-Divisions in Imphal East District of Manipur. It is the 23rd largest state by area and also by population. The city is inhabited by the Meitei, who predominate, also Pangals (Manipuri Muslims) and other tribes. The icon links to further information about a selected division including its population structure (gender, urbanization, population group, literacy (a7+), age … Rice is the major crop, and the rich soil also supports corn (maize), sugarcane, mustard, tobacco, orchard fruits, and pulses . [43][44], In 2004, the government lifted the disturbed status after a violent attack on a local woman. Sufi saint, Shaikh Shah Jalal d-Dīn al-Mujarrad al-Turk al Naqshbandi, came to Sylhet,[citation needed] and Azan Fakir Baghdadi arrived in 1690 CE in Assam. Out of this only 2,238 sq. It is a sacred place for Manipuri Hindus. These two areas are distinct in physical features and are conspicuous in flora and fauna. the red ferruginous soil in the hill area and the alluvium in the valley. It is connected to other areas by daily flights through Imphal airport, the second largest in northeastern India. As indicated by the 2011 [49]), The Barak River, the largest of Manipur, originates in the Manipur Hills and is joined by tributaries, such as the Irang, Maku, and Tuivai. The state is located between latitude 23°83' N and 25°68'N, and longitude 93°E and 94°E. Manipur Population 2020 – 3.43344 Million (estimated). In 2001, total population was 2,293,896 in which males were 1,161,952 while females were 1,131,944. Meitei mythology believes that UmangLai Heloi-Taret (seven deities–seven fairies) played this game on the Courtyard of the temple of Umang Lai Lairembi. Its 25 years of existence in theatre had disciplined its performers to a world of excellence. Manipur is also home to numerous sports and the place of the Manipuri dance. [citation needed] They influenced Manipuri Muslims. Kut is not restricted to a community or tribe — the whole state populace participates in merriment. The Japanese were beaten back before they could enter Imphal, which was one of the turning points of the overall war in South Asia. There were 51 Class I Muslim officers including three women, 101 Class II officers and 1,270 and 1,663 employees belonging to Class III and IV categories respectively. There are 9 districts, 38 Taluks, 2582 villages and 58 towns in Manipur. by providing numerous stars from different sports. Manipur has one railway station, Jiribam. Manipuri is the official language of Manipur, which is spoken by the majority of the population. Find the complete list of Rajya Sabha MP (Member of Parliament) belong to Manipur state on right hand side. The district is divided into East and West. Manipur It is 29 km (18 mi) from Imphal. Forests of Manipur: A Mainstay of the Economy Manipur has more than 77% geographical area under forest cover. The state covers an area of 22,327 square kilometres (8,621 sq mi) and has a population of almost 3 million, including the Meitei, who are the majority group in the state, the Meitei Pangals (Manipuri Muslims), Naga tribes, Kuki/Zo tribes and other communities, who speak a variety of Sino-Tibetan languages. The largest city in Manipur is Imphal. Of this total, 57.2% live in the valley districts and the remaining 42.8% in the hill districts. [50], Natural vegetation occupies an area of about 14,365 square kilometres (5,546 sq mi), nearly 64% of the total geographical area of the state,[citation needed] and consists of short and tall grasses, reeds and bamboos, and trees. The total area of Manipur is 22,327 sq. In 2001, total population was 2,293,896 in which males were 1,161,952 while females were 1,131,944. This paper examines Manipur’s census statistics for the period between 1991 and 2011. In 1926, it became a part of Pakokku Hill Tracts Districts of British Burma until 4 January 1947. A copper plate excavated from Phayeng dating back to 763 CE (reign of King Khongtekcha) was found to contain inscriptions about the Hindu deities in Sanskrit words. [34] Maharaja Bodhchandra was summoned to Shillong, to merge the kingdom into the Union of India. Proof of caverns [106], First of its kind in India, National Sports University will be constructed in Manipur.[107]. 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